Hemkund Sahib – On the basis of the aforesaid holy composition uttered by Guru Sahib and with the Sikh Sangat’s assistance some Gursikhs (the true Sikhs) Sant Sohan Singh ji Tihri wale, Hawaldar Modan Singh ji, Bhai Vir Singh ji etc. started the research work of this holy place. In Samvat Nanakshahi 465-66 (1933-34 A.D.) they on the dint of the Sikh Sangat’s assistance and the Guru’s kind grace were successful in reaching this holy place. Roundabout Samvat Nanakshahi 468 (1936 A.D.) the Sikh Sangat got the Gurdwara Sahib constructed at this site. The inauguration of the installation of Guru Granth Sahib ji was manifested in Samvat Nanakshahi 469 (August-Sep., 1937 A.D.)
Surrounded by the snow-laden for about four to five months and sky-touching mountainous peaks this holy place is situated approximately at the height of 15,000 feet from the sea level. At the climax of the winter season sometimes the snow-fall reaches even upto 30-35 feet. This place is approximately at a distance of 35 to 40 kms from the border of China. On the three sides there are the seven peaks of the Sapatsring Mountain of the Hamkunt Mountain Chain- (1. Rudar Himalaya 2. Bishanpuri 3. Udgari Kanth 4. Sarga Rohan 5. Brahampuri 6. Mer 7. Sumer) and on the fourth side Nilkanth Mountain is situated. The circumambulation of the holy tank is about 1¼ or 1½ kms. The water of the tank is clean like glass.
Hemkund Sahib – The high altitude Lokpal lake, known as Hemkund ( 4329 mts.) lies in heavenly environs. A steep trek from Ghangharia leads one to this spot in about four to six hours.
It is an important pilgrimage for both Hindus and Sikhs, as well as for people from other faiths. There is a Sikh Gurudwara and a Lakshman temple built on the bank of the lake.
Encircled by seven snow clad peaks and their associated glaciers, it reflects its surroundings enchantingly on its crystal clear serene waters. The glaciers from Hathi Parvat and Saptrishi peaks feed the lake and a small stream called Himganga flows out of this lake.
As alluded to, in the holy Granth Sahib, Guru Govind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikh faith had meditated on the bank of this lake in one of his earlier births. It is widely believed among Sikhs that Guru Govind Singh introduced the features now universally associated with Sikhism. On 15th April 1699, he started the new brotherhood called the Khalsa (meaning the pure, from the Persian word ‘Khales’) an inner core of the faithful, accepted by baptism (amrit).
The five K’s’ date from this period: kesh (uncut hair) kangha (comb), kirpan (dagger or short sword), kara (steel bangle), and kachh (boxer shorts). The most important is the uncut hair, adopted before the other four. The comb is sometime designated specially as wooden. The dagger and the shorts reflect military influence, while the bangle may be a form of charm.
It is believed that Lakshman, the younger brother of Ram, meditated by the lake and regained his health after being severely wounded by Meghnath, son of the demon Ravana, during battle.
Despite its ancient connections, Hemkund/Lokpal was discovered by a Sikh Havaldar, Solan Singh and became a major pilgrimage centre only after 1930.
How to Reach:
Hemkund Sahib by Air- Dehradun is the nearest Airport for Hemkund sahib which 10 drive and then 3 Hrs Trek by Foot or Pony.
By Train- Dehradun and Haridwar is Nearest Railway station to connect pilgrims by train across the country. There are many train operate from Dehradun and Haridwar to Major Cities Like Delhi, Mumbai, Agra and many more cities.
By Bus- Uttrakhand Road Transport has day bus services from Haridwar to Joshimath and then tourist can take taxi on hire basis to go to Places called Ghangaria.